The outbreak and rapid spread of a new coronavirus from China has caused great concern worldwide as the virus is highly contagious and spread in air, from contaminated surfaces and via personal contact.
Early data indicates that the infection rate is higher than that measured for another virulent coronavirus called SARS in 2002 and 2019.
Epidemiologists have confirmed the source of the new coronavirus as a wild animal market in the Chinese city of Wuhan where vendors sell dozens of carcasses and live animals including bats, rats, ostriches, crocodiles and hedgehogs. The Wuhan Institute of Virology has determined from patient samples that there is a 96% match to bat coronavirus. The SARS coronavirus outbreaks of 2002 also originated in bats and spread to humans via palm civets, cat-sized mammals sold in Chinese markets.
This latest form of the coronavirus causes severe acute respiratory illness manifested as coughing, fever and pneumonia similar to that caused by the variant of the coronavirus called “Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus” (MERS-CoV) that was first described in September 2012. The MERS coronavirus epidemic resulted in a fatality rate of 49%. There is concern that, given the high infection rate, the new virus may have a similarly high fatality rate, particularly among those with compromised immune systems.
Dozens of people in several US cities have been infected principally by exposure to travelers from Asia. Health authorities in major cities like Los Angeles, San Francisco, Atlanta, Seattle, New York are screening airline travelers. Over 100 people in 26 states have been investigated and are being monitored for the virus. The expanding outbreak has sparked concerns at schools and universities across the country that have exchange programs with China. The CDC confirms that there is no vaccine available and recommends routine sanitary precautions to minimize the risk of infection.
Risk of infection is highest in densely populated cities, public areas and transportations centers where the airborne virus can become concentrated. Of particular risk are public rest rooms.
MERS transmission has been confirmed by inhaling aerosolized contaminated stool when flushing an open toilet. Aerosols persist in air for extended periods of time. Travelers and health care workers are at the highest risk.
HGI Industries has developed a range of innovative sanitizing devices (Odorox® line of products) that are powered by high energy ultraviolet photochemistry, just like the action of the sun. These devices kill 99.99% of viruses, bacteria, mold and other pathogens in air, on surfaces and fabrics safely, in areas as small as an office or as large as hundreds of thousands of square meters (millions of square feet). HGI’s proprietary technology sanitizes by generating effective levels of atmospheric hydroxyl radicals, nature’s powerful atmospheric sanitizing oxidant.
Airborne hydroxyls are the perfect sanitizing agent. They react with a broader range of chemicals and are over one million times faster than ozone, bleach or other sanitizing agents. They react so fast that they are consumed within a few seconds, so they never accumulate. The cascade of organic peroxy and oxy sanitizing compounds formed also react very rapidly. Volatile organic by-products are rapidly decomposed as they are recycled through the device. Indoor environments are rapidly depleted of natural hydroxyls and build up unhealthy levels of chemicals, bacteria and viruses. Odorox® technology eliminates this build-up and restores nature’s safe balance indoors.
Atmospheric hydroxyl radicals (hydroxyls) are continuously produced by the action of the sun’s ultraviolet energy on oxygen and water in our atmosphere. There are, on average, two (2) million hydroxyls in each cubic centimeter of ambient outdoor air during daylight hours.
(D. E. Heard, “Analytical Techniques for Atmospheric Measurement”, Blackwell Publishing, 2006 – professor at the University of Leeds, UK). They keep air safe to breathe by decomposing natural and man-made pollutants and killing microorganisms. They sanitize air and surfaces by a natural process called lysing, where the hydroxyls react chemically with the lipids, protein carbohydrates and other organic chemicals in the cell wall and membranes of bacteria, viruses and other pathogens and disrupt their structure. The interior contents of the cells leak and the organism is destroyed. The mechanism for killing microorganisms is not biological, so the bacteria or viruses cannot develop any form of immunity.
Odorox® measured kill rates across a broad range of microorganisms on hard and porous surfaces and in air are consistently over 99.9%. Kill rates for aerosolized microorganisms are exceptionally high in the measured range of 4-5 log (99.99 to 99.999%) within several hours, as shown below from a study of the Odorox® MDU/Rx™ device presented to the FDA. This is particularly effective for the spread of viral disease as the main vector for transmission is inhalation of aerosolized virus.
Germicidal ultraviolet (UV-C) lights have been used for years to sanitize surfaces. UV-C lights have insufficient power to generate hydroxyls, whose formation requires higher energy UV energy. UV-C lights are only able to sanitize surfaces and biologicals within a few inches of their source and only when there is sufficient exposure time achieved by low flow rates. They are ineffective sanitizing air that circulates rapidly past their source and do not sanitize surfaces.
HGI’s Odorox® UV technology is unique: it is completely different from germicidal UV-C technology. Odorox® devices generate more intense and high energy UV radiation within a patented reflection chamber. Different models are customized for specified applications and volumes of space to ensure that hydroxyl levels match safe levels found in nature. Odorox® devices have received the ETL safety mark and the MDU/Rx™ model has been approved by the FDA for use in occupied spaces in medical facilities (510k #133800, 2014).
Odorox® portable devices can treat rooms from 27 to 540 square meters (300 to 6,000 square feet), either as standalone units or by integrating into existing heating and ventilation systems. Odorox® commercial devices are designed to treat large spaces - up to thousands of cubic feet
- and feature integrated, interactive process controls and sensors that measure and control the levels of sanitizing oxidants ensuring consistent, safe levels.
HGI’s Odorox® devices are manufactured in the United States. HGI can rapidly design and implement custom solutions that effectively treat public places at risk of coronavirus contamination and propagation. HGI can help authorities to rapidly put in place solutions that sanitize the air and surfaces in hospitals, airports, train stations, schools, universities, health clinics and other public places.
Dr. Connie Araps
PhD Organic Chemistry, Princeton University President Prometheus Strategies, LLC Chair, HGI Scientific Advisory Board
My husband and I recently purchased a condominium apartment which has a few severe issues. Firstly, it had yellow nicotine covered ceiling, walls and air vents. Secondly, there was extensive soiled broadloom throughout. The odor in the dwelling was a sickly combination of nicotine, animal waste, and extreme mustiness due to the animal refuse/waste.
The previous owner was a chain smoker. She resided in this 2,400 square foot, three level condominium for just over 13 years. The areas most affected by the nicotine were the kitchen, dining room and the family room. Further, the dwelling was vacant for over one year. This resulted in the nicotine, animal excrement and dirt compounding over time and spider webs and a thick layer of dust had visibly accumulated on the ceilings and walls.
We started by scrubbing every surface. The ceilings once cleaned were still yellow and the nicotine odor was still very strong. One could not spend much time there without one's eyes starting to burn and itch. We then spray painted all the ceilings with an oil based paint and subsequently painted every surface of the dwelling. Unfortunately, the nicotine odor was still quite heavy. We then removed the entire broadloom and under pad. We cleaned the cement floor with a special cement-cleaning product before installation of the new under pad and broadloom. Unfortunately, even after we completed all this, the odor was still there. Cleaning, painting and installing new broadloom throughout had still not solved the air quality issues we were facing.
The furnace and ventilation systems were a major concern. How could we clean and solve the areas we could not physically access? Along came The Boss. I had heard about the hydroxyl technology from a friend. Clearly, no matter how much we cleaned, scrubbed, painted or replaced, there was no way that anyone could reside here unless all the odor and bacteria were totally removed.
The Boss, a non-contained Hydroxyl Generator is easy to use and quiet. We ran the unit with and without the air conditioner on as we wanted the air going through the vents to eliminate the odor and bacteria there as well. We ran The Boss for a period of two to three days on each level of the three level condominium apartment. The Boss was miraculously successful in solving our air quality problem. The condominium apartment not only looked clean but also felt and smelled clean.
It was evident that even though we scrubbed, painted and replaced all the old flooring, without the help of The Boss, we would have never been able to achieve the level of clean air quality we required. The odor and bacteria were all eliminated. I can only imagine the multitude of applications this product could be used for. It is light, easy to move and is quiet to operate. Thanks to The Boss, we were able to complete our restoration.
Thanks for bringing such a great product to market!
Service Master of Durham Ontario
We have moved into a home that the previous owners were heavy smokers.
We had a professional painter come in.
We had the carpets steam cleaned by a reputable co., and the hardwood floors cleaned.
The smell of smoke still lingered heavily in the air.
Thank goodness you provided us with the Hydroxyl Odor Processor. We have had this machine operating for the last 48 hours and the house is now odor free.
We would highly recommend this machine to eliminate smoke and other nasty smells.
Thank you again.
Linda & Wil Clarke
Odorox hydroxyl technology destroys 99.9% of germs, bacteria, mold, mildew, voc's and viruses in the air and on porous and non-porous surfaces which can cause illness and infections. MDU/RX FDA approved and safe to use in spaces occupied by people, pets, and plants.