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How to Kill or Eradicate Salmonella Using Odorox Hydroxyls

All About Salmonella

This is a very large group of different bacteria that can infect both animals and humans. With more than 2000 sub-species of salmonella able to infect humans, it's easy to see why an understanding of this bacterium and how to prevent its spread is important. The bacteria can cause salmonellosis, which is associated with food poisoning. Typhoid fever is similar to the flu and only infects humans. This is caused by the sub-species Typhi.

The Pathogen, Salmonella

This intestinal bacterium has different species and multiple sub-species. While most serovars, or sub-species, can infect both humans and animals, only S. Typhi and S. Paratyphii can only infect humans. There are some types of salmonella that are actually adapted to infect certain animals such as cattle or pigs. Transmission and Production Salmonella is easily transmitted through contaminated drinks and food. When a person consumes the bacteria, then he or she will become sick. This can happen when meat, seafood, or eggs are cooked improperly or when other foods such as vegetables and milk are not prepared correctly. Infected people who handle food can transmit salmonella to others. Salmonella can also spread through contact with surfaces infested with the bacterium or through feces. Salmonella is found throughout the world in raw meat, feces, soil, water, insects, and surfaces in homes and factories. While some mild cases of salmonellosis may not be reported, around 40,000 cases are reported each year in the U.S. Only 400 cases of typhoid fever are reported each year in the U.S.almonella is found throughout the world in raw meat, feces, soil, water, insects, and surfaces in homes and factories. While some mild cases of salmonellosis may not be reported, around 40,000 cases are reported each year in the U.S. Only 400 cases of typhoid fever are reported each year in the U.S. Mechanism of the Bacteria

Most of the salmonella species work by infecting the small intestines. It only takes 14 to 20 cells of bacteria for the host to become ill. The bacteria can pass through the small intestines into the middle layer of this organ, which causes inflammation. Long-term salmonella infections can spread into the bloodstream and to other organs. This has prompted many scientists and doctors to wonder how to kill salmonella. Unfortunately, salmonellosis doesn't have a vaccine but typhoid fever does and it is commonly given to people traveling to areas with frequent outbreaks. These vaccines, while useful, are not perfect and travelers can still get sick by eating questionable food or drink. Antibiotics are given to people who have salmonellosis or typhoid fever. While there is no immediate way for people to feel better, electrolytes and fluids administered intravenously can help reduce the dehydration. Effects can occur up to three days after being exposed and include fever, vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, and headaches. Without treatment, salmonellosis will last up to a week. Longer durations will lead to dehydration and will give the infection time to spread to the bloodstream. Typhoid fever is characterized by weakness, constipation, fever, a rash, and muscle aches and can last up to a month, ending in death for some people.

Precautionary Measures to Take People always want to know how to eradicate salmonella and while there is no real way to get rid of it, there are certain measures to take: Clean: Hands and Surfaces Wash hands with soap and warm water before and after handling food Wash all kitchen surfaces with warm soapy water Cloth towels used in the kitchen need to be washed on hot Consider using paper towels that can be thrown away Separate: Be Aware of Cross-Contamination Separate raw meat from other foods Use separate cutting boards While salmonella removal can seem impossible, following these health and safety guidelines will reduce the chance of you getting sick. Consider investing in a Hydroxyl generator from http://www.odoroxair.com to create and release Hydroxyls in the air. They will kill and remove viruses and bacteria from the air and from surfaces.

Never place cooked meat near raw meat Cook: Make Sure That Food Is Safe Use a food thermometer to make sure that food is cooked to the correct temperature Bring leftovers such as gravy and soup to a boil when reheating Reheat all leftovers to high-enough temperatures Chill: Know How to Cool Food Properly Refrigerate leftovers promptly Make sure that the refrigerator is cold enough by using a thermometer to monitor the temperature Marinate foods in the refrigerator Split leftovers into smaller containers so that they can cool faster Thaw food in the refrigerator, not at room temperature on the counter While salmonella removal can seem impossible, following these health and safety guidelines will reduce the chance of you getting sick. Consider investing in a Hydroxyl generator from http://www.odoroxair.com to create and release Hydroxyls in the air. They will kill and remove viruses and bacteria from the air and from surfaces.

Benefits of Odorox Technology, Testimonials from our Customers

Our neighbor smokes constantly and since the ventilation in our building isn't adequate, the smoke fills our office as well.

As a non-profit that serves pregnant women and young children, it was a constant frustration. We had even reached the point where we were going to look for new space. When John installed the two Odorox Air machines, we noticed the difference quickly. The air cleared up! Even the baby clothes we provide our clients stopped reeking of smoke! Our clients and volunteers commented on the difference. We are so grateful for these machines. They work so well and solved our problem!

Aimee Huber, Executive Director
First Choice Women's Resource Centers
Morristown, NJ

First Choice

A Tool to Keep You Healthy
Health And Safety
JEMS, Journal of Emergency Medical Services
Hydroxyl generators kill germs & snuff odors


An Odorox® .Slimline. model portable hydroxyl generator sanitizes this ambulance. Photo Thom Dick
FEATURED IN HEALTH AND SAFETY
We've talked about cooties before, Life-Saver. Nothing is scarier than some of the stuff you can't even see.
Fortunately, our bodies came equipped with an incredible array of weapons to protect us from sick people's diseases.

I can't find any studies that say so, but I don't think EMS providers get sick as often as most other people. If that's true, I suspect it's because we're exposed to so much disease on a regular basis that we're somewhat immune to it. I've always been impressed by that (and have always been grateful for it.) But I still think we'd be a lot safer if somebody could devise a surefire way to sanitize an ambulance without taking it apart.
In the March 2005 installment of this column, I discussed numerous ways EMS providers could minimize their exposure to disease. I suggested everything from leaving their boots at work to routinely cleaning door handles, stretchers, ceiling hardware and radio mics with contact cleaner. I've also talked about such practices as hand-washing, ditching exam gloves before driving, removing the floor hardware to address substances that accumulate there and not eating in ambulances.
I do brag some about my agency's crews. I hope you understand I love 'em to death. If you ever come and ride with us, you'll see why in about a second. Not only are they fine caregivers, but they also have hearts the size of toasters. If we were to lose just one of them, all of EMS would be damaged. Their families expect us to keep them safe, and we try hard to do that.
One of our first responders is an EMT named Chris Forbes. Chris is a lieutenant with our fire department here in Brighton, Colo., and he's a part-time distributor of gizmos called hydroxyl generators. Hydroxyl ions are unstable, negatively charged molecules that oxidize single-celled organisms, and thereby, destroy them. Chris showed us a device the size of a briefcase that's designed to produce and circulate hydroxyls throughout a closed environment about the size of a small house (2,000 square feet). We bought it (for about $2,800). When we take an ambulance out of service for maintenance, and before we give it back to a crew, we plug the device into the unit's 110VAC shoreline circuit and run it in the patient compartment for 24 hours with all the doors and windows closed.

We're pretty small-time, and we serve a poor district, so we don't have a lot of money for science. We've found no reference to anybody using hydroxyl generators in ambulances. But the independent lab reports we've read say that in structures, this device destroys more than 99.9% of airborne, surface and contained anthrax, Clostridium difficile, Escherichia coli, influenza A, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Listeria monocytogenes, MRSA, Staph aureus, molds and their spores, and tuberculosis bacilli on stainless steel and cotton fabric surfaces during a single 12-hour exposure.(1?3)
We also know from experience that it eliminates biologic and non-biologic odors?including emesis, blood, smoke and ethanol?and produces no odors of its own.
They're commonly installed in the heating, ventilating and air conditioning systems of public buildings, especially in humid areas, and they're routinely used to purify structures after flooding. Fire departments use them to sanitize turnout gear.
How do these things work? Ours contains a fan that draws .dirty. air through a multiple-wavelength ultraviolet chamber, then exhausts it as clean air?along with hydroxyl ions?back into the environment. Hydroxyls occur naturally in sunlight. Although they're deadly to one-celled organisms, they're harmless to people and animals. Likewise, tests prove they break down airborne aldehydes, ozone, carbon monoxide and volatile organic compounds.(4)
According to Chris, you can actually get these things in much smaller sizes, designed for permanent mounting in an ambulance, for about $500. That would spread the cost of one over the span of a lease, or the life of a vehicle. JEMS - Journal of Emergency Medical Services
References

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