This is a very large group of different bacteria that can infect both animals and humans. With more than 2000 sub-species of salmonella able to infect humans, it’s easy to see why an understanding of this bacterium and how to prevent its spread is important. The bacteria can cause salmonellosis, which is associated with food poisoning. Typhoid fever is similar to the flu and only infects humans. This is caused by the sub-species Typhi.
This intestinal bacterium has different species and multiple sub-species. While most serovars, or sub-species, can infect both humans and animals, only S. Typhi and S. Paratyphii can only infect humans. There are some types of salmonella that are actually adapted to infect certain animals such as cattle or pigs.
Transmission and Production of Salmonella
Salmonella is easily transmitted through contaminated drinks and food. When a person consumes the bacteria, then he or she will become sick. This can happen when meat, seafood, or eggs are cooked improperly or when other foods such as vegetables and milk are not prepared correctly. Infected people who handle food can transmit salmonella to others. Salmonella can also spread through contact with surfaces infested with the bacterium or through feces.
Salmonella is found throughout the world in raw meat, feces, soil, water, insects, and surfaces in homes and factories. While some mild cases of salmonellosis may not be reported, around 40,000 cases are reported each year in the U.S. Only 400 cases of typhoid fever are reported each year in the U.S.Most of the salmonella species work by infecting the small intestines.It only takes 14 to 20 cells of bacteria for the host to become ill. The bacteria can pass through the small intestines into the middle layer of this organ,
which causes inflammation. Long-term salmonella infections can spread into the bloodstream and to other organs. This has prompted many scientists and doctors to wonder how to kill salmonella.
Unfortunately, salmonellosis doesn’t have a vaccine but typhoid fever does and it is commonly given to people traveling to areas with frequent outbreaks. These vaccines, while useful, are not perfect and travelers can still get sick by eating questionable food or drink. Antibiotics are given to people who have salmonellosis or typhoid fever. While there is no immediate way for people to feel better, electrolytes and fluids administered intravenously can help reduce the dehydration.
Effects can occur up to three days after being exposed and include fever, vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, and headaches. Without treatment, salmonellosis will last up to a week. Longer durations will lead to dehydration and will give the infection time to spread to the bloodstream. Typhoid fever is characterized by weakness, constipation, fever, a rash, and muscle aches and can last up to a month, ending in death for some people.
Precautionary Measures to Take Around Salmonella
People always want to know how to eradicate salmonella and while there is no real way to get rid of it, there are certain measures to take:
Clean: Hands and Surfaces
Wash hands with soap and warm water before and after handling food
Wash all kitchen surfaces with warm soapy water
Cloth towels used in the kitchen need to be washed on hot
Consider using paper towels that can be thrown away
Separate: Be Aware of Cross-Contamination
Separate raw meat from other foods
Use separate cutting boards
Never place cooked meat near raw meat
Cook: Make Sure That Food Is Safe
Use a food thermometer to make sure that food is cooked to the correct temperature
Bring leftovers such as gravy and soup to a boil when reheating
Reheat all leftovers to high-enough temperatures
Chill: Know How to Cool Food Properly
Refrigerate leftovers promptly
Make sure that the refrigerator is cold enough by using a thermometer to monitor the temperature
Marinate foods in the refrigerator
Split leftovers into smaller containers so that they can cool faster
Thaw food in the refrigerator, not at room temperature on the counter
While salmonella removal can seem impossible, following these health and safety guidelines will reduce the chance of you getting sick. Consider investing in a Hydroxyl generator from http://www.odoroxair.com to create and release Hydroxyls in the air. They will kill and remove viruses and bacteria from the air and from surfaces.
WALL TOWNSHIP PUBLIC SCHOOLS OFFICE OF THE FACILITIES MANAGER PO Box 1199
Wall, New Jersey 07719-1199
Nicholas Moretta, CEFM Phone: 732-556-2029
Facilities Manager FAX: 732-556-2103
When discussing plans and protocols to open Schools in September 2020, staff were extremely nervous and concerned about how we were going to keep specific locations safe during the day. After researching and looking at many options, we decided the Pyure/ Odorox machines were a great option to keep a room disinfected and safe throughout the day. Bio Shine was quick and extremely helpful despite the high demand to get us these machines so we could be ready for the opening of school.
We have been using it regularly in addition to our enhanced disinfecting protocols as we were determined to provide a safe, secure, clean, and healthy environment as best we can during the pandemic.
Staff were very receptive and thankful for supplying these machines. After the Pandemic is over, we will be able to use them in many different capacities that will help keep students and staff safe. These machines are one of the main contributors in helping us have school open since September when so many schools have been fully remote.
Nicholas A. Moretta Facilities Manager
Wall Twp. Public Schools
Bergen County Special Services, Technical Schools
After researching many air purification solutions on the market today, we chose the Odorox hydroxyl processors for the myriad of areas where we host our students. Many of our special services were open and operational during the first few weeks of the pandemic. The Odorox Pyure hydroxyls provided a sense of comfort for our staff and parents while mitigating the risk of exposure and spread of the virus.
We have been regularly using it in addition to our enhanced disinfection protocols as we are determined to provide a safe, secure, clean, and healthy environment as best we can during a pandemic.
Our administration and maintenance staff are thrilled with the performance and are looking for even more ways to utilize the technology.
Thomas Jodice Coordinator of Facilities BCSS/BCTS
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Odorox hydroxyl technology destroys 99.9% of germs, bacteria, mold, mildew, voc's and viruses in the air and on porous and non-porous surfaces which can cause illness and infections. MDU/RX FDA approved and safe to use in spaces occupied by people, pets, and plants.